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  • Open access

    within the context of EU-funded projects, refers to the practice of providing on-line access to scientific information that is free of charge to the end-user and is reusable. In the context of research and innovation, scientific information can refer to (i) peer-reviewed scientific research articles (published in scholarly journals) or (ii) research data (data underlying publications, curated data and/or raw data).

  • Open Source Software

    means computer software with an open source code; “open” in this case means made available to the general public in order that the software can be studied, changed and/or improved.

    Criteria that open source software must comply can be found at Open Source Initiative.


  • Originality

    is one of the requirements for copyright protection. The test to determine whether a work will be considered original is to ask if it can be defined as the author's own intellectual creation.

  • Ownership of IP rights

    the state or quality of being an owner of a proprietary right.  It enables its holder to exercise exclusive rights of use in relation to the subject matter of the IP and to restrict others from using these IP rights.